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Montreal, Québec | Photo: Matthias Mulli, Unsplash

Montreal, Québec

Introduction to Québec

Québec (QC) is Canada's largest province by area and the second largest in population. Lower Canada (Québec) was one of the first four provinces to enter Confederation in 1867.

Québec is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population, and the only province whose official language is French at the provincial level.

Québec City is the capital of Québec, while Montreal is the largest city in the province. The Nord-du-Québec region in the northern half of the province is sparsely populated with Indigenous communities.

Manufacturing and the service sectors dominate the Québec’s economy. Fourteen-fifteenths of the province form part of the Precambrian Shield (also called the Canadian Shield) which is considered the most ancient geological formation.

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Locations in Québec


Cities, Towns & Communities


NP: National Parks
PP: Provincial Parks
RP: Regional Parks

Québec National Parks NP

Parc national des Grands-Jardins NP

Did you know?

  • Montreal & Quebec City
  • Anticosti Island
    Chute Vauréal, the largest waterfalls on Anticosti Island | Photo: Wikimedia Commons

    Anticosti Island is at the outlet of the Saint Lawrence River into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, Québec. It is 1.5 times the size of Prince Edward Island, yet its population is under 250 people. With over 400 shipwrecks off its coasts, Anticosti Island is sometimes called the “Cemetery of the Gulf”. Read about the island’s mysterious history.

Québec Trivia

Coat of arms
Flower is Blue Flag
Bird is Snowy Owl

La Belle Province (The Beautiful Province)

Provincial slogan
Je me souviens (I remember)

License plate slogans
Je suis là (I'm here) former
Je me souviens (I remember) current

CBC Montreal | CTV Montreal | Global News Montreal

Other resources
Books about Québec
Québec on a Budget blog by Nomadic Matt
CanadaVisa: About Québec
KickAssFacts: Québec
Kiddle: Québec Facts for Kids
Lonely Planet: Québec City

Québec Facts

Date QC entered confederation

July 1, 1867

Area of QC

1,542,056 sq km (595,391 sq miles)
(Natural Resources Canada, 2001)


There are three main geological regions in Québec: the igneous plains of the Canadian Shield, the Appalachian mountains in southern Québec and the St Lawrence lowlands in between. Vegetation zones from north to south are tundra, taiga, boreal (coniferous) forest, mixed forest, and deciduous forest.

Capital city of QC

Québec City

Population of QC

8,501,833 (Statistics Canada 2021 Census)

Residents are known as

Québécois (French)
Quebecers (English)

Indigenous people of QC

10 First Nations and 1 Inuit community (see Indigenous in Québec)

Main QC industries

Agriculture, manufacturing, energy, mining, forestry, transportation

QC statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

Fête Nationale/Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day (June 24)

Professional sports teams

Football: Montreal Alouettes
Basketball: Montreal Maniac
Baseball: Montreal Expos
Hockey: Montreal Canadiens



In southern Québec, the climate is temperate with four distinct seasons. Winter temperatures range between -10 and -25C. The north has an  Arctic climate where winter can last 8 months.

Time zone

Eastern Standard Time (EST)

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