Home > Northwest Territories
Geographical features of NT include Great Bear Lake, which is the largest lake in Canada and the eighth largest lake in the world. Issuing from the lake is the Mackenzie River, the longest river system in Canada, with a main stem that is 1,738 km long. The official fish of the Northwest Territories is the Arctic Grayling (Thymallus arcticus) which is able to live in the harshest environments.
See Franklin’s history (abolished in 1999)
See Keewatin’s history (abolished in 1999)
See Mackenzie’s history (abolished in 1999)
Cities, Towns & Communities
License plate slogans
Date NT entered confederation
July 15, 1870
Area of NT
1,346,106 sq km (519,734 sq miles)
The Northwest Territories has two broad geographical regions: the taiga (boreal forest belt that circles the subarctic zone and has pine, aspen, poplar, and birch trees), and the tundra (rocky arctic region where the cold climate has stunted vegetation).
Capital city of NT
Population of NT
41,462 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)
Residents are known as
Indigenous people of NT
Dene, Inuit and Métis
Main NT industries
Mining, tourism, services
There are two main climate zones in the Northwest Territories: subarctic and arctic. In the subarctic zone, temperatures average –23°C (–9°F) in January and 21°C (70°F) in July. In the arctic zone, temperatures range from –33°C (–27°F) in January to 10°C (50°F) in July.
Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) and observes Daylight Savings Time.
NT statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)
National Aboriginal Day June 21
Source: Government of Canada Maps