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Québec City, Québec | Photo: Rich Martello, Unsplash

 Québec City, Québec

Introduction to Québec

Québec (QC) is Canada's largest province by area and the second largest in population. Lower Canada (Québec) was one of the first four provinces to enter Confederation in 1867.

Québec is the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking population, and the only province whose official language is French at the provincial level.

Québec City is the capital of Québec, while Montreal is the largest city in the province. The Nord-du-Québec region in the northern half of the province is sparsely populated with Indigenous communities.

Manufacturing and the service sectors dominate the Québec’s economy. Fourteen-fifteenths of the province form part of the Precambrian Shield (also called the Canadian Shield) which is considered the most ancient geological formation.

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Locations in Québec

Travel

Cities, Towns & Communities

Parks

NP: National Parks
PP: Provincial Parks
RP: Regional Parks

Québec National Parks NP

Parc national des Grands-Jardins NP
 

Did you know?

  • Quebec
    Left: Montreal (Photo: Robin Inizan). Right: Québec City (Photo: Denise Leon).

    Québec’s landscape has many facets offering diverse experiences, from Old Québec City to modern Montreal, and plenty of outdoor adventures in between, whatever the season!

Québec Trivia

Flag
Coat of arms
Symbols
Flower is Blue Flag
Bird is Snowy Owl

Nickname
La Belle Province (The Beautiful Province)

Provincial slogan
Je me souviens (I remember)

License plate slogans
Je suis là (I'm here) former
Je me souviens (I remember) current

News
CBC Montreal | CTV Montreal | Global News Montreal

Other resources
Books about Québec
Québec on a Budget blog by Nomadic Matt
CanadaVisa: About Québec
KickAssFacts: Québec
Kiddle: Québec Facts for Kids
Lonely Planet: Québec City

Québec Facts

Date QC entered confederation

July 1, 1867

Area of QC

1,542,056 sq km (595,391 sq miles)
(Natural Resources Canada, 2001)

Topography

There are three main geological regions in Québec: the igneous plains of the Canadian Shield, the Appalachian mountains in southern Québec and the St Lawrence lowlands in between. Vegetation zones from north to south are tundra, taiga, boreal (coniferous) forest, mixed forest, and deciduous forest.

Capital city of QC

Québec City

Population of QC

8,433,301 (2019)

Residents are known as

Québécois (French)
Quebecers (English)

Indigenous people of QC

10 First Nations and 1 Inuit community (see Indigenous in Québec)

Main QC industries

Agriculture, manufacturing, energy, mining, forestry, transportation

QC statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

Fête Nationale/Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day (June 24)

Professional sports teams

Football: Montreal Alouettes
Basketball: Montreal Maniac
Baseball: Montreal Expos
Hockey: Montreal Canadiens
 

Québec

Climate

In southern Québec, the climate is temperate with four distinct seasons. Winter temperatures range between -10 and -25C. The north has an  Arctic climate where winter can last 8 months.
 

Time zone

Eastern Standard Time (EST)
 

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