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Northwest Territories

Old Town Yellowknife, Northwest Territories  |  Photo: Mike Tidd, Wikimedia Commons

Old Town Yellowknife, Northwest Territories

Introduction to Northwest Territories

In 1912, the Parliament of Canada official named the mid-northern part of the country as the Northwest Territories (NT). In 1967, Yellowknife became its capital city.

Geographical features of NT include Great Bear Lake, which is the largest lake in Canada and the eighth largest lake in the world. Issuing from the lake is the Mackenzie River, the longest river system in Canada, with a main stem that is 1,738 km long. The official fish of the Northwest Territories is the Arctic Grayling (Thymallus arcticus) which is able to live in the harshest environments.

While Nunavut is mostly Arctic tundra, the Northwest Territories has a slightly warmer climate with boreal forest (although half of the territory is above the tree line).

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Locations in Northwest Territories

Travel

Areas

Franklin

See Franklin’s history (abolished in 1999)

Keewatin

See Keewatin’s history (abolished in 1999)

Mackenzie

See Mackenzie’s history (abolished in 1999)

 

Cities, Towns & Communities

Dehcho

Fort Liard
Fort Simpson
Jean Marie River
Nahanni Butte
Sambaa K'e
Wrigley

Inuvik

Aklavik
Fort McPherson
Inuvik
Paulatuk
Sachs Harbour
Tsiigehtchic
Tuktoyaktuk
Ulukhaktok (formerly Holman)
 

North Slave

Behchokǫ̀
Detah
Gamèti
Łutselk'e
Ndilǫ
Wekweeti
Whatì
Yellowknife

Sahtu

Colville Lake
Deline
Fort Good Hope
Norman Wells
Tulita
 

South Slave

Enterprise
Fort Providence
Fort Resolution
Fort Smith
Hay River
Hay River Dene 1
Kakisa
 

Parks

NP: National Parks
TP: Territorial Parks
RP: Regional Parks

Aulavik NP

Tuktut Nogait NP

Wood Buffalo NP
 

Did you know?

NT Trivia

Flag
Coat of arms
Symbols
Flower is Mountain Avens
Bird is Gyrfalcon

Nicknames
Canada's Last Frontier
Land of the Polar Bear
North of Sixty

Territorial slogan
n/a

License plate slogans
Canada's Northland (1966-1969)
Centennial (1970)
Explore Canada's Arctic (1986)

News
CBC North | NWT News

Other resources
Books about Northwest Territories
Destination Canada NT
Explore Northwest Territories
I've Been Bit blog
Stories in the Northwest Territories blog
Northwest Territories Facts for Kids
Northwest Territories Film Commission Facts

NT Facts

Date NT entered confederation

July 15, 1870

Area of NT

1,346,106 sq km (519,734 sq miles)
(Natural Resources Canada, 2001)

Topography

The Northwest Territories has two broad geographical regions: the taiga (boreal forest belt that circles the subarctic zone and has pine, aspen, poplar, and birch trees), and the tundra (rocky arctic region where the cold climate has stunted vegetation).

Capital city of NT

Yellowknife

Population of NT

41,462 (Statistics Canada, 2011 Census)

Residents are known as

Territorians

Indigenous people of NT

Dene, Inuit and Métis

Main NT industries

Mining, tourism, services

Climate

There are two main climate zones in the Northwest Territories: subarctic and arctic. In the subarctic zone, temperatures average –23°C (–9°F) in January and 21°C (70°F) in July. In the arctic zone, temperatures range from –33°C (–27°F) in January to 10°C (50°F) in July.

Time zone

Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) and observes Daylight Savings Time.

NT statutory holidays (in addition to national holidays)

National Aboriginal Day June 21
 

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